Retooling the Weapons Defense Industry
for Harnessing Frictional Energy in Space
Know plasma, know 99.999% of the Universe
(No plasma, no Universe)
NOTE: Please link below to for the Beautiful Photos that accompany this article.

The Plasma Universe is a term coined by Nobel Laureate Hannes Alfven to highlight the importance of plasma throughout  
the Universe.

See how much you think you know about cosmic plasma below, and then check out Plasma-Universe articles, images and  
the Plasma Universe Timeline.
What is Plasma?
We're familiar with solids, liquids and gases, such as solid ice, liquid water and gaseous steam. But heat atoms more, and  
they 'split' into free ions and electrons: a plasma.

Where is Plasma?
The visible Universe is 99.999% plasma. The Sun is about 100% plasma, as are all stars. Plasma makes up nearly 100%  
of the interplanetary, interstellar and intergalactic medium. The Earth's ionosphere is plasma.

Why is Plasma So?
Plasma react very strongly to electromagnetic forces, and is the dominant force in many cosmic plasmas, e.g. stellar  
surfaces, active galactic nuclei, interplanetary, interstellar and intergalactic space.

Electrified Plasmas
Space plasma moving through a magnetic field generates its own electric current, can act as a unipolar inductor, and  
conducts electricity better than metals, e.g. the heliospheric current sheet, and Birkeland currents.
Plasma Filaments
Strong radial magnetic fields can make a plasma pinch like the hourglass-shaped nebula above; produce characteristic
filaments like in the plasma ball; and produce particle beams as seen in the dense plasma focus.

Galaxy Simulations
Computer simulations of two interacting Birkeland currents with plasma clouds trapped in parallel magnetic filaments
simulate evolving galaxy formations, without the need for dark matter and black holes!

Complex Dusty Plasmas
A gas as little as 1% ionized may behave as a plasma (e.g. the ionosphere). In addition to light and friction, dust and grains
are charged inside a plasma, and behave as one, such as the Glowing Eye Nebula.

The quasi-neutrality of plasmas, means they tend overall to be electrically neutral. But plasmas can also violate quasi-
neutrality, producing charged regions in double
layers and particle beams, such as in M87's jet.

Types of Plasmas
Plasmas vary according to temperature and density, and have characteristics that scale over many orders of magnitude.
Link to Plasma Universe 

Link to Plasma Science

Link to Plasma Coalition

Embrace Foundation Retreat Center
.Foundation (skype messaging)    -    011+1+212.675.4500 (New York)

Click to Email Us
Embrace Foundation is a non-profit,  
educational foundation set up to create  
better understanding between people of  
different religions, cultures, traditions and  
world philosophies.

Embrace Foundation works to bring leaders  
and scholars of world-wide religions,  
cultures and philosophies together by  
sponsoring forums, seminars, lectures and  
developing an international exchange  
program. Embrace Foundation is particularly  
concerned with reaching the world public  
through the media.
Embrace Foundation is an all volunteer  
organization. All donations go directly to  

Embrace Foundation does not and has  
never given permission to any outside  
organization to solicit or receive  
contributions on our behalf.

All donations should be made to Embrace  
Foundation only via Paypal or by mail. All  
donations are tax deductible. A receipt will  
be emailed to you. Please click on the Pay  
Pal link below to Donate.
Travel As An Interfaith Act
Embrace encourages all who can do so, to  
learn about other traditions and cultures by  
traveling as “Grassroots Diplomats.” We  
hope that people every where become life  
long students of our world-wide humanity.

“ In every man there is something wherein I  
may learn of him, and in that I am his pupil.”
Embrace Humanity

Thank you for making a donation.
NEW !  See: TRAVELING IN MOROCCO 2020 article with many photos in CELEBRATE HUMANITY - A Practice of Renewed Hope For All People - SEE: EmbraceFoundationUniversal.Org   -   SEE: Homeless Man creates huge bookstore in Athens, run only by people without homes ABOUT BOOKS - News - EmbraceFoundationUniversal.Org - SEE: Conference in New Delhi - Muslims Celebrate Their Diversity encouraged by the Dalai Lama who is asked to participate - in FOCUS   -   SEE: Bulletin for Newest Update! - VISIT: EmbraceSacredPlaces.Org now with 10,000 Photos!  - New! Traveling in Azerbaijan in CELEBRATE HUMANITY  - SEE: New! Traveling in Lebanon 2018 and Traveling in Georgia in CELEBRATE HUMANITY - NEW! See: TRAVELING  IN CYPRUS in CELEBRATE HUMANITY - FINALLY ! - See: CURRENT The Embrace Founders Travels in Azerbaijan, Turkey, Georgia, Lebanon & Cyprus  -   IMPORTANT ! See: article of TRAVELING IN TURKEY in CELEBRATE HUMANITY
Embrace Foundation International